One good way to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is by the employment of signposts.

Have a look at this short video to find out more about personal pronouns and active and passive voice.

Academic writing is explicit in a number of ways. First and foremost, it means that there’s a clear presentation of ideas within the paper. The writing needs to have a well-organized structure and be easy for the reader to follow. One good way to accomplish structure and clarity in your text is through the employment of signposts. Signposts are phrases and words that can be used in your text so that you can guide your reader along. Signposting could be split into two different categories: major signposting and linking words and phrases.

More about explicit language Show more/less

Major signposting is employed to signal key facets of the job, such as the reason for an paper that is academic its structure. Some situations of major signposting:

The goal of this study will be …
This chapter reviews/deals with …
in summary …

Linking words and phrases create coherence and present your reader directions by marking transitions between sentences and paragraphs. A few examples of linking phrases and words:

Being explicit in your writing also means that you are not vague but instead very specific into the presentation of ideas, numbers and years. Being specific helps add precision to your writing.

Common pitfalls for non-native writers – and how to avoid them

If English just isn’t your first language you might encounter certain difficulties when writing academically. This section relates to several of the most common pitfalls. It becomes easier to avoid them and thereby become a better writer if you learn what your problems are.

Words which are easily confused Show more/less

Some words may look very similar but have very different meanings. For instance you might write “manger” instead of “manager”. Remember that this type or kind of mistake is certainly not discovered by the spellchecking purpose of your word processor. To avoid these kinds of mistakes it is suggested that you consult a dictionary.

Punctuation Show more/less

It is vital to be aware that writing correct English is not pretty much with the right words but also includes sentence structure and punctuation. The usage punctuation differs between languages; a good example could be the question that is upside-down at the start of interrogative sentences in Spanish. But there are smaller differences such as the use of commas together with real way quotation marks look.

Take a look at this short video for further information about punctuation:

You might use punctuation along with that, sentence length, to generate variation in your writing. If all of your sentences are particularly short or very long the reading becomes somewhat tedious.

The research has resulted in many results. One result is described here.

Those two sentences that are short be combined into:

The study has led to many results, certainly one of which can be described here.

However, be cautious so that you try not to create run-on sentences. These occur when two independent clauses are joined without proper punctuation or connecting word.

The research has led to results that are many result is described here.

Sentence fragments Show more/less

A sentence fragment is an sentence that is incomplete so that it cannot stand on a unique. A sentence that is complete a subject and a verb and consist of one thought.

They are examples of sentence fragments:

So he went to begin to see the doctor. (Why did he head to begin to see the doctor?)

Such as for instance fruit and veggies. (what exactly are Our site fruit and vegetables examples of?)

In 1918. (What happened in 1918?)

Shattered glass throughout the floor. (that is a fragment because there is no main verb)

Sentence fragments can be fixed by incorporating them into the sentence that holds the primary clause, changing the punctuation or by extending the fragment into a full sentence.

Peter had a throat that is sore he went to see the doctor.

Children should eat healthy food choices, such as for instance fruit and veggies.

World War I ended in 1918.

Glass was shattered throughout the floor.

Dangling modifiers Show more/less

A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that does not connect properly towards the main sentence.

Having finished the experiments, the total results were analyzed.

In this sentence, it is unclear what the modifier “having finished the experiments” describes. That has finished the experiments? Just how the sentence is constructed, the modifier connects to “the results”, but clearly “the results” have not finished the experiments. This sentence has to be rephrased. One way of doing this is to clearly state who conducted the experiments and analyzed the outcome:

Having finished the experiments, we analyzed the outcomes.

Or, if you fail to desire to range from the personal pronoun “we”:

If the experiments were finished, the total results were analyzed.

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